When people think of buying the next dog pet, the first thing they look for is the characteristics and looks of some of the types of dogs. There are different types of dogs. Some are made for being just a toy you can carry around, while others are working dogs. Some dogs require a lot of physical exercises, while others like to lie around the house all day. With that in mind, these groups of dogs are just initial categories. Dogs are divided into breeds and subgroups later on. But it will help you get a general idea of the types of dogs you can find in the canine world, and find the perfect pet for you and a companion for a lifetime.
Mini in size, but massive in personality. These little darlings weigh less than 10 pounds, but what they lack in size, makeup in personality. These breeds are affectionate, sociable, and adaptable to different types of lifestyles. Don’t make their size fool you, they are smart and full of energy. Some of them even have strong protective instincts, despite being smaller than a hand.
Toy dogs are popular with city dwellers because they are ideal apartment dogs and terrific lap warmers. The toy dog traditionally refers to a very small dog. There is no official size and weight definition. Usually, toy dogs weight between 4 and 7 pounds, with a subcategory, teacup dog, weighing no more than 4 pounds and growing up to 17 inches. Some dogs can be classified in multiple categories, like the Yorkshire terrier, who is considered a terrier type group by some, and a toy group by some.
Some of the breeds that fall into toy group include Yorkshire terrier, Pugs, Shih Tzu, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Shiba Inu, Boston terrier, Pomeranian, Maltese, Havanese, Chihuahua, Bichon Frise, Coton de Tulear, Poodle, Griffon Bruxellois, Lhasa Apso, Tibetan terrier, Papillon, French bulldog, and more.
The largest of the toy group is the pug, who can weigh an average of 18 pounds.
Sporting group types of dogs
The dogs in this group were bred to have stamina. They are naturally alert, active, and energetic. Known for their instincts and reliability in the hunting field, their strength lies in the ability to locate and retrieve things.
Many of them are great swimmers, and usually, do not resist the opportunity to jump into any body of water. Every dog in this group has unique skills and talents, making them attractive to hunters of all types. For example, pointers stand rigid and silent, pointing game for their masters. Setters, on the other hand, can easily find and point, but they are also good at flushing game out of hiding. Spaniels are the most skilled breed for flushing, while retrievers retrieve. They are very friendly and easy to train, which comes to them naturally as they were bred to work closely with people.
Being active dogs, these breeds require at least one hour of vigorous exercise per day to keep their mind and body healthy. They can be happy even chasing a stick for an entire afternoon.
Some breeds in this group include American water spaniel, Brittany, cocker spaniel, English pointer, English setter, Irish setter, Field spaniel, German shorthaired pointer, golden retriever, Irish water spaniel, labradoodle, Labrador retriever, and Vizsla among others.
They might not wear a grey pinstriped suit on a daily basis at their job, but they are definitely serious about their work. These breeds have a job to do, as simple as that. Some of them are bred to pull sledges of carts, others guard livestock, homes, or are used in military installations. Some of their diverse duties even include water-rescue work, alpine rescue, or many more.
The energy level of these breeds depends on the work and task they need to finish. For example, guardian dogs patrol or simply observe until they are called upon to defend. At that point, they surge into action. Sledge dogs, on the other hand, keep their enthusiasm in check until they’re in a harness and they are keen to hit the trail. The best term to use for their energy level is “energy efficient”.
In terms of size, they vary from a medium size, which is something like the Standard Schnauzer, but up to the giant size, like the Great Dane and the Mastiff.
They are prized for their long association with humans, as well as their loyalty and willingness to work. They take well to training. However, some of these types of dogs might need longer than others to learn.
Quick to learn, dogs of this group are intelligent, strong, alert, and make wonderful companions because they are large and naturally protective. Owners need to know how to properly socialize these working dogs.
Some of the more popular breeds fall into this category, including Akita, Alaskan Malamute, Anatolian Shepherd dog, Bernese Mountain Dog, Boxer, bullmastiff, Canaan dog, Cane Corso, Doberman Pinscher, Great Dane, Giant Schnauzer, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, Mastiff, Neapolitan Mastiff, Newfoundland, Portuguese water dog, Rottweiler, Saint Bernard, Samoyed, Siberian Husky, and Tibetan Mastiff.
Hounds share the common ancestral trait of being used for hunting. Some of these breeds use acute scenting powers to follow a trail, while others are praised for their stamina as they are relentlessly run down quarry. Some hounds produce a unique sound known as baying,
The hounds are original hunting dogs, and many of them pre-date the gun-assisting hunters we mentioned in the sporting group. There is a great deal of diversity in this group, both behavioural and physical. They can range from tall and lanky to short-legged in terms of size. Nowadays, they find their usage in other areas where they can help with their scent. For example, the slow and prodding bloodhound is used by law enforcement to track fugitives and missing persons.
Types of dogs in this group make excellent pets as they are reliable and possess excellent stamina. They can be great for both adults and children.
Some of the breeds here include American foxhound, Afghan hound, basset hound, beagle, bloodhound, borzoi, dachshund, English foxhound, greyhound, Pharaoh hound, Plott, Rhodesian Ridgeback, Saluki, and others.
Herding dog groups
Up until 1983, these types of dogs were non-existent in European registries. In 1983, the AKC created the group to honour what is considered one of the oldest of dog professions, herding livestock. In Europe, the dogs are still part of the working group dogs.
Some of the dogs in this group are the most intelligent dogs in the world, like the Collie. Many of these are now simple companion dogs that have never ever seen a sheep. However, their instinct to herd can be strong, and they can try to do that in the household, even when there is no household. In this case, children and adults might be rounded up into corners by these tireless workers. They require constant work that rewards their instincts.
In addition to the Border collie, the smartest and most intelligent dog alive, breeds in this group include Australian cattle dog, Australian shepherd, Bearded Collie, Belgian Malinois, Belgian sheepdog, Bouvier des Flandres, Briard, Canaan dog, Cardigan, German Shepherd, Collie, Welsh corgi, Pembroke Welsh corgi, Old English sheepdog, and Shetland sheepdog.
Terrier dog groups
Terriers are a specific group of types of dogs. They were originally bred to dig and hunt for prey. Think foxes, badgers, rats, and moles. Their name originates from the Latin word “terra “, which means Earth. However, some people like to joke around that their name comes from the word “terror”.
The two words that come to mind when you think of terrier are feisty and energetic. In fact, they are hyperactive and require constant exercise. If not, and left home alone, they suffer from separation anxiety and turn into destructive habits.
There are many sizes and shapes of breeds in this group, but they are all highly intelligent and trainable dogs. However, that applies as long as you have the patience to do it. While they might not fall into the smartest dog breeds, that doesn’t mean they are not intelligent. In fact, they are highly intelligent, but they are also strong-willed, independent, and stubborn. Simply said, they follow orders, but they want to get theirs as well.
Some of the terriers get a bad reputation because of the crossing between bulldogs and terriers for creating fighting dogs. Some of these fighting dog breeds can be dangerous in the wrong hands. These breeds, like the bull terrier, combine the taut muscles and compact power of the bulldog, with the tenacity and aggressiveness of the terrier. The result is a dog that can go against anything in the world and has the muscles to do it.
With that in mind, the complete list of terrier types of dogs includes Airdale terrier, American Staffy, Border terrier, Boston terrier, Bull terrier, cairn terrier, Jagdterrier, Irish terrier, Jack Russell terrier, Parson terrier, miniature bull terrier, pit bull terrier, Scottish terrier, fox terrier, Staffordshire bull terrier, welsh terrier, west highland white terrier, and Yorkshire terrier.